According to the First and Second National Communication of Bangladesh, the majority of CO2 emissions are derived from the energy sector, followed by the land-use change and forestry (or LULUCF) sector. There is scope for reducing emissions and sequestering carbon in the forestry sector. Accordingly, the Government of Bangladesh became a partner country of the UN-REDD Programme in 2010. The UN-REDD Programme supports developing countries in establishing the technical capacities needed to implement REDD+ and meet UNFCCC requirements for REDD+ result based payment as described in the Warsaw Framework.
The development of the Roadmap is the first step of the Bangladesh REDD+ Readiness process. A number of stakeholder consultation activities were initiated during the Roadmap development process. These consultations were carried out at the national and sub-national level. The very first National Consultation on REDD+ Readiness Roadmap took place in October 25, 2011 at Dhaka with the objective to establish three voluntary multi-stakeholder working groups to contribute to focus on the following aspects of the country’s Roadmap development:
Group - Monitoring, MRV and REL/RL for development of methods
Group - Drivers, Policies and Measures for Strategy development
Group - Safeguards: Consultation process, Social and Environmental Safeguards development
The second national consultation on REDD+ Readiness Roadmap was held in Dhaka on January 17, 2012. The Third national stakeholder consultation workshop on the REDD+ Readiness Roadmap for Bangladesh took place on 27th March 2012. The objective of this workshop was to share, discuss and validate the draft national roadmap document among the key stakeholders in Bangladesh.
Figure: Bangladesh REDD+ Roadmap Consultation and Participation Process
In May 2012, a draft Roadmap was produced based on national and sub-national level workshops and was submitted to MoEF. It was approved it in December 2012. In 2013 a Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) was developed by GoB. The Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) is a framework document which sets out a clear plan, budget and schedule for a country to achieve REDD+ Readiness. The UN-REDD Policy board approved the R-PP in December, 2013. Subsequently, two projects were formulated to carry out activities designed in the Roadmap (or R-PP). These are –
These two projects contribute to the implementation of Phase – 1 of the Phased Approach to REDD+ Readiness. The subsequent steps are in accordance with a phased approach, as follows:
Phase 1: Implementation of the Roadmap, development of necessary capacities and institutions to implement REDD+ at the national level, and development of strategies and action plans; At this very moment, Bangladesh has started its Phase 1 activities with support from UN-REDD programme and USAID funded NFI project.
Phase 2: Field testing of candidate strategies will be carried out, through demonstration activities. This phase could also include further capacity building, and development of new policies and legislation.
Phase 3: Bangladesh can start to implement REDD+, through a national performance-based system of resource distribution or benefit sharing.